Correlation between HPLC-determined lonidamine serum levels and clinical response in patients with advanced ovarian cancer

C. Bottalico, V. Lorusso, M. Brandi, G. Micelli, C. Rella, M. Coviello, A. M. Atlante, M. Quaranta, M. De Lena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lonidamine is an energolytic derivative of indazolcarboxilic acid which has been demonstrated to enhance cisplatin activity in ovarian cancer cell lines either sensitive or resistent to this drug, thus suggesting the potential reverting activity of the mechanisms of drug resistance. A study was performed on nine patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with lonidamine (LND) plus cisplatin (CDDP) as salvage therapy after the failure of first-line platinum containing chemotherapy. Serum LND was determined with a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. The objective clinical response included one complete and three partial responses (overall response 44%). High LND serum levels were observed in three of four responding patients. The serum LND concentrations for these patients, detected one hour after the first and second dose administrations, were 15.2 ± 1.1 and 14.6 ± 1.4 μg/ml, respectively. Toxicity was mild to moderate, except for myalgia. The high serum levels of lonidamine detected in three of four responding patients suggests that the synergism between LND and CDDP observed ovarian cancer cell lines may be confirmed in clinical practice. However, the potential role of LND in enhancing CDDP activity can be definitely established in large randomized trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3865-3869
Number of pages5
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume16
Issue number6 B
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Advanced ovarian cancer
  • Drug resistance
  • Lonidamine
  • Reversed-phase liquid chromatography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Bottalico, C., Lorusso, V., Brandi, M., Micelli, G., Rella, C., Coviello, M., Atlante, A. M., Quaranta, M., & De Lena, M. (1996). Correlation between HPLC-determined lonidamine serum levels and clinical response in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Anticancer Research, 16(6 B), 3865-3869.