Correlation between meteorological conditions and Parietaria pollen concentration in Alassio, north-west Italy

P. Crimi, G. Macrina, C. Folli, L. Bertoluzzo, L. Brichetto, I. Caviglia, A. Fiorina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The pollen grains in the atmosphere in different geographical areas differ according to the species present, the pollination seasons and pollen grain concentrations, but possibly the greatest contributors to this variability are the meteorological conditions. The aim of our research is to establish a possible correlation between Parietaria pollen concentration and meteorological conditions during the period from 1991 to 1995 in the town of Alassio (north-west Italy). As far as vegetation is concerned, the Mediterranean climatic conditions support the blooming of extensive grasslands in the environment surrounding the town; these grasslands mainly comprise Urticaceae and shrubs. The study demonstrates that the most influential parameters affecting the Urticaceae grain concentration upsurge are the absence of rainfall, a maximum daily temperature of about 21°C, and a diurnal temperature range of about 5°C. Moreover, our aeropalinological study indicates that this last parameter has the greatest influence on Urticaceae pollination. In fact, an increase in diurnal temperature range could be responsible for a dehydration of pollens resulting in a loss in mass. This grain lightness and volatility would ultimately permit atmospheric dispersion if there is a significant wind speed. On the other hand, days with rain or high relative humidity make pollens heavier, preventing them from flying long distances and therefore partially explaining the decline in airbone pollen concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Biometeorology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Diurnal temperature range
  • Mediterranean area
  • Meteorological conditions
  • Parietaria
  • Rainfall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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