Direct comparison of the effector cells mediating natural killer (NK) activity against mouse tumor cells and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) against mouse tumor target cells coated with alloantisera indicated that NK cells and K-cells (effector cells mediating ADCC) may belong to the same subpopulation of lymphocytes, but they have a different mechanism of killing. Effector cells mediating NK activity and ADCC were nonadherent, nonphagocytic Fc receptor bearing cells that sediment at 3.5-4.5 mm/hour. Treatment with anti-Thy 1.2 serum in the absence of complement resulted in an increase of NK activity, whereas this treatment caused a substantial loss in ADCC. Both NK activity and ADCC were equally sensitive to the in vivo or in vitro effects of X-irradiation. In vivo inoculations of high doses of hydrocortisone resulted in a reduction of NK activity, but ADCC was not affected. NK cells were trypsin-sensitive, with a profound decrease in the cytolytic activity being observed in a 4-hour 51Cr release assay. The activity, however, could be recovered after overnight incubation at 37°C. Trypsin treatment did not inhibit ADCC as measured by the 18-hour assay.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the National Cancer Institute|
|Publication status||Published - 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research