Correlation between perioperative blood transfusion and prognosis of patients subjected to surgery for stage I lung cancer

Mario Nosotti, Paolo Rebulla, Donatella Riccardi, Alessandro Baisi, Nadia Bellaviti, Lorenzo Rosso, Luigi Santambrogio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: It has been reported, but not proven, that perioperative blood transfusions have a detrimental effect on the survival of patients undergoing surgery for lung cancer. Study design and methods: A prospective study was carried out on the patients undergoing lobectomy for stage I lung cancer at our department from 1995 to 2000. The criteria for exclusion included previous cases of malignancy, autoimmune diseases, and any other relevant comorbidity. Results: Two hundred eighty-one patients were observed, 24.6% of whom received transfusions. The only significant difference between the transfused and nontransfused patients was their preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) concentration (12.5 ± 1.20 g/dL vs 13.3 ± 1.22 g/dL, p <0.001). The disease-free interval of the transfused patients was significantly lower than that of the nontransfused patients (53% vs 78% at 73 months, p <0.005), as was also the case for actuarial survival (52% vs 71% at 73 months, p <0.02). Blood transfusion was significantly predictive of tumor relapse according to the Cox model adjusted for the T state, preoperative Hb concentration, sex, age, histologic type, and grading (hazard ratio, 2.3; p = 0.017). Conclusions: Our data show that perioperative blood transfusion is significantly correlated to worse prognosis in patients undergoing surgery for stage I lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-107
Number of pages6
JournalChest
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • Blood transfusion
  • Lung neoplasms
  • Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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