Correlation between radiological assessment and histopathological diagnosis in retroperitoneal tumors: Analysis of 291 consecutive patients at a tertiary reference sarcoma center

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Abstract

Objectives Aim of study was to assess the correlation between computed tomography scan (CT) findings and histopathology. Material and methods Data were collected on consecutive patients with suspected retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) referred to a tertiary sarcoma center. Patients underwent contrast enhanced multi-detector CT scans. Radiological features of lesions were classified according to the presence of a fatty (Group A) mass, or non-fatty (Group B) mass, both subdivided according to homogeneity and intralesional high-contrasted appearance. Radiological classification was compared with histopathological diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive value (PPV, NPV) were analyzed. Results Of 291 patients, 103/291 (35.4%) masses were classified in Group A and 188/291 (64.6%) in Group B. Diagnosis of mesenchymal tumor was obtained in 231/291 cases (79%) and non-mesenchymal tumor in 60/291 (21%). Sensitivity and specificity of Group A for liposarcoma were 76.7% and 92.0%; PPV and NPV were 86.4% and 85.6%. Sensitivity of Group B for a mesenchymal tumor was 55.4% and specificity was 0%; PPV and NPV were 68.1% and 0%. Conclusions None of radiological criteria were sufficient to anticipate a specific diagnosis, with the only exception of well differentiated liposarcoma and angiomyolipoma. In a series of suspected RPS, 21% of the lesions were finally non-mesenchymal tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1662-1670
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Liposarcoma
  • Retroperitoneal sarcoma
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

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