Variant cell lines of the murine fibrosarcoma UV-2237, selected for doxorubicin [adriamycin (ADM)] resistance, were used to study the tumoricidal activity of macrophages that had been exposed to ADM. Free ADM (0.01-1 μg/ml) was cytotoxic to the sensitive UV-2237M parent and to the partially sensitive UV-2237M-revertant cell lines, whereas the ADM-re-sistant UV-2237M ADMR line was unaffected by these levels of ADM. Macrophages harvested from the peritoneal cavities of mice given ip injections of 10 mg ADM/kg body weight 1 day or 4 days previously inhibited proliferation of the 3 cell lines, an effect that was directly correlated to the degree of ADM sensitivity of each cell line. Macrophages exposed in vitro to ADM (from 0.01 to 1 μg/ml) inhibited the growth of, and eventually were cytolytic to, the parent and the revertant cell lines; these ADM-exposed macrophages did not affect the UV-2237M-ADMR cell line. The correlation between the antitumor effects of macrophages exposed to ADM and the ADM susceptibility of tumor cells suggests that ADM-exposed macrophages exert their effect by the release or transfer of the stored drug.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research