We report on a new duplication case of 7q11.23, reciprocal of the Williams-Beuren (WB) deletion. The patient, a 13-year-old girl, was ascertained within an array-CGH screening of patients with epilepsy and neuronal migration defects. Similarly to the first reported patient, she showed serious difficulties in expressive language in the absence of severe mental retardation and marked dysmorphic features. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed an abnormal development of the cerebral cortex in the left temporal lobe, which showed a simplified gyral pattern, and increased cortical thickness. This finding, which might explain poor language development, suggests that the WB critical region might harbour a dosage-sensitive gene controlling the molecular machinery of neuronal migration, with regional specificity and lateralization. It will be important to confirm our findings in newly diagnosed patients with dup(7)(q11.23). We expect to detect many more patients with the same duplication using widespread clinical implementation of high-resolution genome analysis.
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