Cortical sources of resting state electroencephalographic rhythms differ in relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis

Claudio Babiloni, Claudio Del Percio, Paolo Capotosto, Giuseppe Noce, Francesco Infarinato, Chiara Muratori, Christian Marcotulli, Giovanni Bellagamba, Elena Righi, Andrea Soricelli, Paolo Onorati, Tommaso Lupattelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: Resting state electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms are abnormal in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but it is unclear if they can reflect different neurophysiologic abnormalities in MS sub-types (phenotypes) such as relapsing-remitting (RR) and secondary progressive (SP). Methods: We tested whether cortical sources of resting state EEG rhythms are abnormal in MS patients and differ between MS phenotypes. Resting state eyes-closed EEG activity was recorded in 36 RR, 23 SP, and 41 matched healthy subjects. EEG bands of interest were individually identified based on Transition frequency (TF), Individual alpha frequency (IAF), and Individual beta frequency (IBF). LORETA freeware estimated cortical EEG sources. Results: Widespread TF -4. Hz (delta) and IAF (alpha) cortical sources were abnormal in the MS sub-groups compared to the control group. Furthermore, TF -4. Hz sources in central, parietal, and limbic regions were higher in amplitude in the SP compared to the RR sub-group. Conclusion: Cortical sources of resting state EEG rhythms are abnormal in MS patients at group level and differ between RR and SP sub-groups. Significance: Future studies should test the utility of these EEG markers in the diagnosis and management of MS clinical phenotypes and in the therapy evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015



  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (LORETA)
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Relapsing-remitting (RR)
  • Secondary progressive (SP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems

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