A paradoxical growth hormone (GH) response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) has been observed in type 1 diabetic patients and was hypothetically attributed to a reduced hypothalamic somatostatin tone. We have previously reported that corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) inhibits GH response to growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) in normal subjects, possibly by an increased release of somatostatin. To study the effect of CRH on anomalous GH response to TRH, we tested with TRH (200 μg intravenously [IV]) and CRH (100 μg IV) + TRH (200 μg IV) 13 patients (six males and seven women) affected by insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. A paradoxical GH response to TRH was observed in seven of 13 patients, one man and six women. In these subjects, the simultaneous administration of CRH and TRH significantly reduced the GH response to TRH, as assessed by both the maximal GH mean peak ± SE (2.18 ± 0.67 v 9.2 ± 1.26 μg/L, P <0.005) and the area under the curve (AUC) ± SE (187 ± 32 v 567 ± 35 μg · min/L, P <.001). CRH had no effect on TRH-induced thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) release. Our data demonstrate that the paradoxical GH response to TRH in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus is blocked by CRH administration. This CRH action may be due to an enhanced somatostatin release. Our data also show that exogenous CRH has no effect on TSH response to TRH, thus suggesting the existence of separate pathways in the neuroregulation of GH and TSH secretion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism