The adoption of a preemptive UGT1A1*28 genotyping to increase irinotecan safety in clinical practice is still limited. This is the first actual study of costs associated with the management of irinotecan-related toxicities, and their association with UGT1A1*28 genotype. A retrospective analysis of the cost of toxicity management was conducted on 243 metastatic colorectal cancer patients enrolled in a clinical trial and treated with standard of care FOLFIRI (5-fluorouracil combined with irinotecan). The mean predicted cost per patient was higher for *28/*28 (€4,886), vs. *1/*1 (€812), (regression coefficient 1.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.31–2.28; P < 0.001) and for *1/*28 (€1,119) vs. *1/*1 (regression coefficient 0.32, 95% CI = 0.04–0.60; P = 0.024). This is consistent with a different grade 4 toxicity profile among the three genotypes, and a higher frequency of costly interventions like hospitalization among patients with the *28 allele. A differential toxicity management cost by *28 genotype is herein demonstrated, representing a first step towards the demonstration of the test clinical utility.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)