Cotyledonoid Leiomyoma Clinical Characteristics, Imaging Features, and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

Cotyledonoid leiomyoma of the uterus is a rare variant of benign uterine leiomyoma. It has a favorable attitude, despite some ultrasound presentations. A bulky uterus with a heterogeneous mass with irregular margins, high vascularity, and infiltration of the myometrium can induce the suspicion of a malignant mesenchymal tumor and lead to a radical surgical treatment. If present, some imaging features may suggest this rare type of leiomyoma, thus avoiding extensive surgery, especially in young nulliparous women. We report 13 cases of cotyledonoid leiomyoma with clinical characteristics, imaging features, and a literature review.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • cotyledonoid
  • leiomyoma
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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