Background: Metal stents have been reported as an effective alternative to surgery for the palliation of patients with colorectal neoplastic obstruction. Because most of the published series describe the use of uncovered stents, the purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate the effectiveness, feasibility, safety, and outcome of covered stents for the palliative treatment of malignant colorectal strictures. Methods: Sixteen patients with advanced distal colorectal cancer underwent placement of 10 and 12 cm long, 23 mm diameter covered stents under fluoroscopic and endoscopic control. Clinical and endoscopic follow-up was scheduled at 3- to 6-week intervals. Results: Stent insertion was successful in 15 of 16 patients (93%). Perforation occurred in one patient during stent placement requiring colostomy. Relief of bowel obstruction was documented in all successfully treated patients. The median follow-up was 21 weeks (range 1 to 46). No recurfence of obstruction was observed during the follow-up period. Stent migration occurred in 2 patients, 7 and 21 days after stent placement. Conclusions: Covered stents may provide safe and effective palliation of patients with malignant rectosigmoid strictures. Prolonged luminal patency and sealing of fistulous tracts are potential advantages of covered versus uncovered stents in the palliative treatment of colorectal malignancies.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
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