Covid-19 in patients on dialysis: infection prevention and control strategies

Elena Brioni, Donato Leopaldi, Cristiano Magnaghi, Rosalia Franchetti, Elisa Granellini, Marisa Pegoraro, Maria Cristina Gambirasio, Paolo Mazzacani, Maria Teresa Parisotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Covid-19 is a disease caused by a new coronavirus presenting a variability of flu-like symptoms including fever, cough, myalgia and fatigue; in severe cases, patients develop pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis and septic shock, that can result in their death. This infection, which was declared a global epidemic by the World Health Organization, is particularly dangerous for dialysis patients, as they are frail and more vulnerable to infections due to the overlap of multiple pathologies. In patients with full-blown symptoms, there is a renal impairment of various degrees in 100% of the subjects observed. However, as Covid-19 is an emerging disease, more work is needed to improve prevention, diagnosis and treatment strategies. It is essential to avoid nosocomial spread; in order to control and reduce the rate of infections it is necessary to strengthen the management of medical and nursing personnel through the early diagnosis, isolation and treatment of patients undergoing dialysis treatment. We cover here a series of recommendations for the treatment of dialysis patients who are negative to the virus, and of those who are suspected or confirmed positive.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGiornale italiano di nefrologia : organo ufficiale della Societa italiana di nefrologia
Volume37
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 9 2020

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