CPAP by helmet for treatment of acute respiratory failure after pediatric liver transplantation

F Chiusolo, V Fanelli, M L Ciofi Degli Atti, G Conti, F Tortora, R Pariante, L Ravà, C Grimaldi, J de Ville de Goyet, S Picardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

ARF after pediatric liver transplantation accounts for high rate of morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure. The role of CPAP in postoperative period is still unknown. The aim of the study was to describe current practice and risk factors associated with the application of helmet CPAP. In this retrospective observational cohort study, 119 recipients were divided into two groups based on indication to CPAP after extubation. Perioperative variables were studied, and determinants of CPAP application were analyzed in a multivariate logistic model. Sixty patients (60/114) developed ARF and were included in the CPAP group. No differences were found between the two groups for primary disease, graft type, and blood product transfused. At multivariate analysis, weight <11 kg (OR = 2.9; 95% CI = 1.1-7.3; P = .026), PaO2 /FiO2 <380 before extubation (OR = 5.4; 95% CI = 2.1-13.6; P < .001), need of vasopressors (OR = 2.6; 95% CI = 1.1-6.4; P = .038), and positive fluid balance >148 mL/kg (OR = 4.0; 95% CI = 1.6-10.1; P = .004) were the main determinants of CPAP application. In the CPAP group, five patients (8.4%) needed reintubation. Pediatric liver recipients with lower weight, higher need of inotropes/vasopressors, higher positive fluid balance after surgery, and lower PaO2 /FiO2 before extubation were at higher odds of developing ARF needing CPAP application.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Nov 24 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'CPAP by helmet for treatment of acute respiratory failure after pediatric liver transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this