Creatinine measurement proficiency testing: Assignment of matrix- adjusted ID GC-MS target values

A. Carobene, C. Ferrero, F. Ceriotti, A. Modenese, M. Besozzi, E. De Giorgi, M. Franzin, C. Franzini, M. G. Kienle, F. Magni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The results of an external quality-assessment experiment for serum creatinine measurement are described. Fifty-one laboratories performed quintuplicate analyses during three different analytical runs on six lyophilized sera and two frozen human serum pools. Isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ID GC-MS) target values were assigned to all the materials. Intralaboratory within- and between-run imprecision results were very similar for all the materials tested (CV ≤2.20% and ≤4.70%, respectively). The overall imprecision obtained was high (CV 6.5- 20.0%) because of increased interlaboratory-intermethod variability. A significant positive bias (+9.2-+43.7%) was found for all the materials at lower creatinine concentration. By using two human sera at different concentrations, we could calculate the constant and the proportional calibration bias displayed by each peer group. The majority of the lyophilized materials showed a behavior divergent from the frozen pools, indicating matrix-related problems. We propose a new algorithm for calculating matrix bias correction factor instrument-reagent specific for each material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1342-1347
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Control materials
  • Quality control
  • Reference method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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