The concentration of biogenic amines (norepinephrine, epinephrine and dopamine) was determined by HPLC in serum and hemocytes of the mollusc Viviparus ater following in vitro incubation of the hemolymph with corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) for different periods of time. CRF provoked the release of norepinephrine from hemocytes into the serum, the maximum level being observed after 15 min. incubation. Moreover, immunoreactive tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine β-hydroxylase, i.e., the enzymes involved in biogenic amine biosynthesis, have been demonstrated in hemocytes. These findings show that in invertebrates an ancestral type of stress response, similar to that performed by mammalian hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, occurs in phagocytic hemocytes, a cell type capable of both fundamental immune and neuroendocrine responses.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - May 28 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology