The present work reviews the authors personal experience and applies a meta-analysis of the data in the literature (approximately 800 cases) to better focus on the opportunities and difficulties involved in the Majer-Piquet technique. Particular attention is focused on the problems involved in deglutition. The study involves 44 patients who underwent cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP) between 1989 and 1998. Given that surgical and rehabilitation techniques have been refined over the years, to better analyze the functional results, the data were separated into two subsequent periods. Of the 23 patients who underwent surgery between 1989 and 1992 (group I), 6 were benefited from bilateral preservation of the arytenoids while this was only possible in two of the 21 cases operated in the second period from 1993 to 1998 (group II). Functional rehabilitation was started earlier in the second group and was routinely monitored with digital viedeofluorography. The average recovery time was 34 days for group I and 27 days for group II. The tracheostomy closed in an average 91 days vs. the 13 days found by the meta-analysis of the literature. The authors normally leave the tracheostoma in place for a long time, even when closed with an easily removed plug, and only perform plastic surgery when the patient has shown stable deglutition for several weeks. The naso-gastric tube was removed from both groups of patients after an average 16 days while the review of the literature shows an average 21 days. On the whole the authors record good deglutition in 41 of the 44 cases (93.18%) with adequate deglutition in the remaining 3 cases. Likewise the literature reports good deglutition in 86.4% of the cases. The only difference found between the two groups of patients was a quicker recovery in the second group; there were no qualitative differences. The results are described and discussed. In conclusion, the present experience places CHEP in favorable light as long as the limits inherent to the method are recognized. However, these limitations relegate the technique to a "sporadic" role and the review of the literature appears to confirm this attitude.
|Translated title of the contribution||Cricohyoidoepiglottopexy: deglutition in 44 cases|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2000|
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