Cross-national comparisons of sex differences in opportunities to use alcohol or drugs, and the transitions to use

J. Elisabeth Wells, Josep Maria Haro, Eli Karam, Sing Lee, Jean Pierre Lepine, Ma Elena Medina-Mora, Hideyuki Nakane, Jose Posada, James C. Anthony, Hui Cheng, Louisa Degenhardt, Matthias Angermeyer, Ronny Bruffaerts, Giovanni De Girolamo, Ron De Graaf, Meyer Glantz, Oye Gureje

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sex differences in opportunities to use alcohol or drugs, and transition to use, were investigated in 15 surveys, in 20012004 (Europe 6; Americas 3; Africa 2, Asia 3; Oceania 1). The paper focuses on 1829 year olds (N = 9,873). The World Mental Health Survey Initiative oversaw the surveys; each country obtained its own funding. A complex picture emerged with different results for alcohol and for drugs and for opportunity to use and the transition to use. Sex differences in opportunity to use alcohol were small except in Lebanon and Nigeria, whereas for drugs, the largest differences were in Mexico and Colombia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169-1178
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2011

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Keywords

  • alcohol drinking
  • epidemiology
  • natural history
  • opportunity to use
  • sex factors
  • street drugs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Wells, J. E., Haro, J. M., Karam, E., Lee, S., Lepine, J. P., Medina-Mora, M. E., Nakane, H., Posada, J., Anthony, J. C., Cheng, H., Degenhardt, L., Angermeyer, M., Bruffaerts, R., De Girolamo, G., De Graaf, R., Glantz, M., & Gureje, O. (2011). Cross-national comparisons of sex differences in opportunities to use alcohol or drugs, and the transitions to use. Substance Use and Misuse, 46(9), 1169-1178. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2011.553659