OBJECTIVES: To test whether left ventricular (LV) dysfunction affecting type 1 diabetic-uremic patients was associated with abnormal heart high-energy phosphates (HEPs) and to ascertain whether these alterations were also present in recipients of kidney or kidney-pancreas transplantation. BACKGROUND: Heart failure is the major determinant of mortality in patients with diabetic uremia. Both uremia and diabetes induce alterations of cardiac HEPs metabolism. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging and phosphorous magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the LV were performed in the resting state by means of a 1.5-T clinical scanner. Eleven diabetic-uremic patients, 5 nondiabetic patients with uremia, 11 diabetic recipients of kidney transplantation, and 16 diabetic recipients of combined kidney-pancreas transplantation were studied in a cross-sectional fashion. Eleven nondiabetic recipients of kidney-only transplant and 13 healthy subjects served as control groups. RESULTS: Uremic patients had higher LV mass, diastolic dysfunction, and lower phosphocreatine (PCr)/adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ratio in comparison with recipients of kidney-pancreas or nondiabetic recipients of kidney transplant. In diabetic recipients of kidney transplant the PCr/ATP ratio was higher than in uremic patients but was lower than in the controls. Recipients of combined kidney-pancreas transplant had a higher ratio than uremic patients but no difference was found in comparison with controls. CONCLUSIONS: Altered resting myocardial HEPs metabolism may contribute to LV dysfunction in diabetic-uremic patients. In diabetic recipients of kidney transplantation, a certain degree of LV metabolic and functional impairment was found. In combined kidney-pancreas recipients the resting LV metabolism and function were not different than in controls.
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