INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE

Translated title of the contribution: Cross-sectional study on the health status of traffic wardens exposed to urban air pollution

P. M. Biava, R. Audisio, A. Centonze, A. Barbieri, L. Bisanti, G. Duca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An investigation on the health effects of occupational exposure to motor vehicle exhaust and environmental pollutants was carried out on traffic wardens in Milan (Italy). Randomized samples of 292 traffic wardens (exposed group) and 60 hospital staff members (control group) underwent a physical examination and laboratory tests. No significant difference was observed between the exposed and control groups as regards general morbidity, apart from musculo-skeletal disorders in females. The mean blood lead level (PbB) among traffic wardens was 15.2 ug/dl compared with 11.7 in control (p <0.01). The carboxyhaemoglobin concentration (COHb) in traffic wardens at the beginning of the shift was 2.8% for smokers and 1.2% for non-smokers (3.0% and 0.9% respectively in controls). At the end of the shift COHb in the exposed group was 4.3% for smokers and 2.5% for non-smokers (p <0.01). PbB was significantly correlated (r = 0.17) with Median Nerve Motor Conduction Velocity (NCV) in the exposed but not in the control group. The same pattern was observed for the correlation of PbB and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (r = -0.24). COHb was significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol (r = -0.20) in the exposed group only. It is questionable whether very low PbB levels can affect NCV and SBP directly or rather whether PbB, as well as COHb, should be regarded as tracers of exposure to those urban pollutants leading also to cardiovascular and nervous disorders.

Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)249-258
Number of pages10
JournalMedicina del Lavoro
Volume83
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Carboxyhemoglobin
Air Pollution
Health Status
Cross-Sectional Studies
Blood Pressure
Neural Conduction
Control Groups
Environmental Pollutants
Median Nerve
Motor Vehicles
Occupational Exposure
HDL Cholesterol
Italy
Physical Examination
Morbidity
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Biava, P. M., Audisio, R., Centonze, A., Barbieri, A., Bisanti, L., & Duca, G. (1992). INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE. Medicina del Lavoro, 83(3), 249-258.

INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE. / Biava, P. M.; Audisio, R.; Centonze, A.; Barbieri, A.; Bisanti, L.; Duca, G.

In: Medicina del Lavoro, Vol. 83, No. 3, 1992, p. 249-258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Biava, PM, Audisio, R, Centonze, A, Barbieri, A, Bisanti, L & Duca, G 1992, 'INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE', Medicina del Lavoro, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 249-258.
Biava, P. M. ; Audisio, R. ; Centonze, A. ; Barbieri, A. ; Bisanti, L. ; Duca, G. / INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE. In: Medicina del Lavoro. 1992 ; Vol. 83, No. 3. pp. 249-258.
@article{7acd9b4be8f94de58ff29101aee7484d,
title = "INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE",
abstract = "An investigation on the health effects of occupational exposure to motor vehicle exhaust and environmental pollutants was carried out on traffic wardens in Milan (Italy). Randomized samples of 292 traffic wardens (exposed group) and 60 hospital staff members (control group) underwent a physical examination and laboratory tests. No significant difference was observed between the exposed and control groups as regards general morbidity, apart from musculo-skeletal disorders in females. The mean blood lead level (PbB) among traffic wardens was 15.2 ug/dl compared with 11.7 in control (p <0.01). The carboxyhaemoglobin concentration (COHb) in traffic wardens at the beginning of the shift was 2.8{\%} for smokers and 1.2{\%} for non-smokers (3.0{\%} and 0.9{\%} respectively in controls). At the end of the shift COHb in the exposed group was 4.3{\%} for smokers and 2.5{\%} for non-smokers (p <0.01). PbB was significantly correlated (r = 0.17) with Median Nerve Motor Conduction Velocity (NCV) in the exposed but not in the control group. The same pattern was observed for the correlation of PbB and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (r = -0.24). COHb was significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol (r = -0.20) in the exposed group only. It is questionable whether very low PbB levels can affect NCV and SBP directly or rather whether PbB, as well as COHb, should be regarded as tracers of exposure to those urban pollutants leading also to cardiovascular and nervous disorders.",
author = "Biava, {P. M.} and R. Audisio and A. Centonze and A. Barbieri and L. Bisanti and G. Duca",
year = "1992",
language = "Italian",
volume = "83",
pages = "249--258",
journal = "Medicina del Lavoro",
issn = "0025-7818",
publisher = "Mattioli 1885 S.p.A.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - INDAGINE EPIDEMIOLOGICA SULLE CONDIZIONI DI SALUTE DEI VIGILI URBANI DI MILANO IN RAPPORTO ALL'INQUINAMENTO DA TRAFFICO VEICOLARE

AU - Biava, P. M.

AU - Audisio, R.

AU - Centonze, A.

AU - Barbieri, A.

AU - Bisanti, L.

AU - Duca, G.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - An investigation on the health effects of occupational exposure to motor vehicle exhaust and environmental pollutants was carried out on traffic wardens in Milan (Italy). Randomized samples of 292 traffic wardens (exposed group) and 60 hospital staff members (control group) underwent a physical examination and laboratory tests. No significant difference was observed between the exposed and control groups as regards general morbidity, apart from musculo-skeletal disorders in females. The mean blood lead level (PbB) among traffic wardens was 15.2 ug/dl compared with 11.7 in control (p <0.01). The carboxyhaemoglobin concentration (COHb) in traffic wardens at the beginning of the shift was 2.8% for smokers and 1.2% for non-smokers (3.0% and 0.9% respectively in controls). At the end of the shift COHb in the exposed group was 4.3% for smokers and 2.5% for non-smokers (p <0.01). PbB was significantly correlated (r = 0.17) with Median Nerve Motor Conduction Velocity (NCV) in the exposed but not in the control group. The same pattern was observed for the correlation of PbB and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (r = -0.24). COHb was significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol (r = -0.20) in the exposed group only. It is questionable whether very low PbB levels can affect NCV and SBP directly or rather whether PbB, as well as COHb, should be regarded as tracers of exposure to those urban pollutants leading also to cardiovascular and nervous disorders.

AB - An investigation on the health effects of occupational exposure to motor vehicle exhaust and environmental pollutants was carried out on traffic wardens in Milan (Italy). Randomized samples of 292 traffic wardens (exposed group) and 60 hospital staff members (control group) underwent a physical examination and laboratory tests. No significant difference was observed between the exposed and control groups as regards general morbidity, apart from musculo-skeletal disorders in females. The mean blood lead level (PbB) among traffic wardens was 15.2 ug/dl compared with 11.7 in control (p <0.01). The carboxyhaemoglobin concentration (COHb) in traffic wardens at the beginning of the shift was 2.8% for smokers and 1.2% for non-smokers (3.0% and 0.9% respectively in controls). At the end of the shift COHb in the exposed group was 4.3% for smokers and 2.5% for non-smokers (p <0.01). PbB was significantly correlated (r = 0.17) with Median Nerve Motor Conduction Velocity (NCV) in the exposed but not in the control group. The same pattern was observed for the correlation of PbB and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) (r = -0.24). COHb was significantly correlated with HDL cholesterol (r = -0.20) in the exposed group only. It is questionable whether very low PbB levels can affect NCV and SBP directly or rather whether PbB, as well as COHb, should be regarded as tracers of exposure to those urban pollutants leading also to cardiovascular and nervous disorders.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026732891&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026732891&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Articolo

C2 - 1382217

AN - SCOPUS:0026732891

VL - 83

SP - 249

EP - 258

JO - Medicina del Lavoro

JF - Medicina del Lavoro

SN - 0025-7818

IS - 3

ER -