All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and interferons (IFNs) are active anticancer agents. ATRA is capable of inducing complete remission in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients, whereas IFNα is successfully used in the treatment of the stable phase of chronic myeloid leukemia. ATRA and IFNs have shown synergistic interactions in various experimental conditions and represent a potentially useful therapeutic combination in the treatment of various types of leukemias and solid tumors. The molecular basis of these interactions are poorly understood and need to be elucidated. In this review, we summarize a series of recent observations concerning the molecular mechanisms underlying the cross-talk between the intracellular pathways activated by ATRA and IFNs in APL cells. In APL blasts, IFNs regulate the expression of retinoic acid receptors, and ATRA, in turn, modulates the levels and the state of activation of members of the Jak-STAT second messenger pathway. This demonstrates a two-way interaction between ATRA and IFNs, which leads to cross-modulation of genes normally under the control of the retinoid and the cytokine. These data may be relevant in the context of a rational use of the combination between ATRA and IFNs in the clinical management of myeloid leukemias.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Leukemia and Lymphoma|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
- All-trans retinoic acid
- Intracellular signaling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research