Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome: An efficient spontaneous portosystemic collateral preventing oesophageal varices bleeding

E. Caturelli, M. Pompili, M. Maddalena Squillante, G. Sperandeo, S. Carughi, M. Sperandeo, F. Perri, A. Andriulli, C. Cellerino, G. L. Rapaccini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The protective role of large spontaneous portosystemic shunts in oesophageal varices bleeding due to portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis is still debated. A series of 20 consecutive patients with haemodynamically efficient collaterals involving the para-umbilical-epigastric venous route (evaluated by Echo-Doppler flowmetry) is reported. All patients presented absent or mild oesophageal varices at endoscopy. During a mean follow-up period of 23.5 months, no patient developed large varices or experienced variceal bleeding. Hepatic encephalopathy was present in 35% of patients. Haemodynamically efficient spontaneous portosystemic shunts may protect cirrhotic patients from the risk of oesophageal varices forming and bleeding. The diversion of large amounts of blood from portal to systemic circulation correlates with the higher trend of hepatic encephalopathy in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1994


  • flow dynamics
  • liver cirrhosis
  • oesophageal varices
  • para-umbilical veins
  • portal hypertension
  • portal vein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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