The aim of this study was to report the 10-year experience of our Institution in cryoablation of supraventricular tachycardia due to a right accessory pathway (AP). Seventy-one cryoablations of right AP were performed between July 2002 and October 2011 in our Institution in 66 patients (mean age 12 + 3 years, 56% males). Acute procedural success rate was 97%: 80% in patients with concealed AP and 100% in those with manifest AP (P <0.05). Acute procedural success rate was not related to institutional experience. No permanent complication occurred. Sixteen patients had recurrences during the follow-up (18.6 ± 6.6 months; range 3-111), 13 within the first month of follow-up, 2 within the 6 months of follow-up, and 1 within 12 months of follow-up. Cox regression showed that sex, patient age, number of delivered cryo-bonus, and presence of manifest or concealed AP are not independent predictors of procedural success. Among the 16 patients with recurrences, in 10 a cryoablation redo was successful and with no further AP recurrences. The mean fluoroscopy time was 28.4 min (range 19.7-44.6) with a significant decrease (P = 0.033) in relation to the increase of the institutional experience. There were no permanent ablation-related complications. Cryoablation of right-sided AP is effective and very safe in children. Better results are achieved in manifest AP. The learning curve has a real impact in the attempt to reduce the fluoroscopy time.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2013|
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