L'angiografia TC nello studio delle complicanze arteriose del trapianto ortotopico di fegato dell'adulto

Translated title of the contribution: CT angiography for the evaluation of adult orthotopic liver transplantation arterial complications

Marco Piolanti, Elena Fabbro, Emilia Pascali, Cristina Rossi, Mauro Caputo, Giovanni Varotti, Sergio Papa, Gianluca Grazi, Giampaolo Gavelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose. In this study we compared duplex Doppler sonography, conventional angiography and CT angiography for the evaluation of hepatic arterial complications following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Material and methods. CT angiography, with Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP) and Volume Rendering reconstructions, was performed in 11 patients with well-grounded suspect of hepatic artery stenosis or thrombosis after routine duplex Doppler examination. Eight patients underwent conventional angiography. Results. CT detected three out of four duplex doppler false positives and confirmed the diagnostic suspect in four cases. In two cases it showed a shift of the blood flow towards the splenic artery with hepatic hypoperfusion. In one case a wrong delay rendered the study unuseful. In seven out of eight patients conventional angiography confirmed CT angiography findings. Discussion. The follow up of OLT arterial complications is now performed with duplex doppler sonography; this technique has a satisfactory sensitivity and specificity, but far from 100%. Therefore in some patients the diagnosis of arterial obstruction might be delayed, with the risk of serious complications; in other cases with ultrasonographic false positive findings, useless angiographic examinations are performed. In our experience CT angiography proved to be a precious tool, which might be included in the diagnostic algorithm of arterial complications after OLT. Particulary CT angiography seems to be suitable for the cases of discordance between clinical and duplex doppler findings, to improve the overall diagnostic accuracy. Conclusion. In our experience CT-angiography proved to be accurate and satisfactory as a second step examination after duplex-doppler in the diagnostic algorythm of adult OLT arterial complications.

Translated title of the contributionCT angiography for the evaluation of adult orthotopic liver transplantation arterial complications
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)348-356
Number of pages9
JournalRadiologia Medica
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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