Purpose: We report a preliminary evaluation of the performance of computed tomography colonography (CTC) systematically obtained before optical colonoscopy (OC) in subjects with positive faecal occult blood test (FOBT) within a population-based screening programme for colorectal cancer (CRC). Materials and methods: Seventy-nine subjects with positive FOBT from a regional screening programme were invited to perform same day CTC and OC. CTC was performed with standard bowel preparation. OC with segmental unblinding was the reference standard. A perpatient per-adenoma analysis was performed. Results: Forty-nine of 79 subjects (62%) with positive FOBT adhered to the study and completed both examinations. Twenty-two (44.9%) of the 49 had a cancer or an adenoma ≥6 mm. Per-patient sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value and positive predictive value for cancer or adenoma ≥6 mm were 95.5% (95%CI:77.2%-99.9%), 51.9% (95%CI:32.0%-71.3%), 93.3% (95%CI:68.1%-99.8%) and 61.8% (95%CI:43.6%-77.8%). Conclusions: In the setting of a FOBT-based screening programme for CRC, CTC showed a high sensitivity, but relatively low specificity and positive predictive value, for cancer and adenoma ≥6 mm. Probably performing CTC without faecal tagging as second line test after a positive FOBT is not a cost-effective strategy.
|Translated title of the contribution||CT colonography before colonoscopy in subjects with positive faecal occult blood test. Preliminary experience|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging