Objectives. To characterize tumour baseline blood flow (BF) in two lung cancer subtypes, adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), also investigating those "borderline" cases whose perfusion value is closer to the group mean of the other histotype. Materials and Methods. 26 patients (age range 36-81 years) with primary Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), subdivided into 19 AC and 7 SCC, were enrolled in this study and underwent a CT perfusion, at diagnosis. BF values were computed according to the maximum-slope method and unreliable values (e.g., arising from artefacts or vessels) were automatically removed. The one-tail Welch's t-test (p-value <0.05) was employed for statistical assessment. Results. At diagnosis, mean BF values (in [mL/min/100g]) of AC group [(83.5 ± 29.4)] are significantly greater than those of SCC subtype [(57.0 ± 27.2)] (p-value = 0.02). However, two central SCCs undergoing artefacts from vena cava and pulmonary artery have an artificially increased mean BF. Conclusions. The different hemodynamic behaviour of AC and SCC should be considered as a biomarker supporting treatment planning to select the patients, mainly with AC, that would most benefit from antiangiogenic therapies. The significance of results was achieved by automatically detecting and excluding artefactual BF values.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)