Cultured human monocytes release proinflammatory cytokines in response to myelin basic protein

Pierluigi Baron, Gabriela Constantin, Lucia Meda, Elio Scarpini, Guglielmo Scarlato, Giorgio Trinchieri, Giovanni Monastra, Filippo Rossi, Marco Antonio Cassatella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In human cultured monocytes we examined the ability of myelin basic protein (MBP) to induce the production of proinflammatory cytokines potentially involved in inflammatory demyelination. Northern blots and specific immunoassays demonstrated that monocytes incubated with optimal doses of MBP showed increased mRNA expression and release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin- 8 (IL-8) but not of interleukin-12/p40 (IL-12/p40). We also showed that cytokine production by MBP-stimulated monocytes was abrogated by incubation with Dexamethasone. These data suggest that interaction of mononuclear phagocytes with MBP may participate in the regulatory process of cytokine production during inflammatory demyelination and support the beneficial role of corticosteroids therapy in aberrant immune responses to the myelin sheath.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-154
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 21 1998


  • Dexamethasone
  • Interleukin- 1β
  • Interleukin-12/p40
  • Interleukin-6
  • Interleukin-8
  • Myelin basic protein
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Cultured human monocytes release proinflammatory cytokines in response to myelin basic protein'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this