Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by the expansion of the tetranucleotidic repeat (CCTG)n in the first intron of the Zinc Finger Protein-9 gene. In DM2 tissues, the expanded mutant transcripts accumulate in nuclear focal aggregates where splicing factors are sequestered, thus affecting mRNA processing. Interestingly, the ultrastructural alterations in the splicing machinery observed in the myonuclei of DM2 skeletal muscles are reminiscent of the nuclear changes occurring in age-related muscle atrophy. Here, we investigated in vitro structural and functional features of satellite cell-derived myoblasts from biceps brachii, in the attempt to investigate cell senescence indices in DM2 patients by ultrastructural cytochemistry. We observed that in satellite cell-derived DM2 myoblasts, cell-senescence alterations such as cytoplasmic vacuolization, reduction of the proteosynthetic apparatus, accumulation of heterochromatin and impairment of the pre-mRNA maturation pathways occur earlier than in myoblasts from healthy patients. These results, together with preliminary in vitro observations on the early onset of defective structural features in DM2 myoblast derived-myotubes, suggest that the regeneration capability of DM2 satellite cells may be impaired, thus contributing to the muscular dystrophy in DM2 patients.
|Journal||European journal of histochemistry : EJH|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
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