Current challenges for hypertension management: From better hypertension diagnosis to improved patients' adherence and blood pressure control

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hypertension control still remains a largely unmet challenge for public health systems. Despite the progress in blood pressure (BP) measurement techniques, and the availability of effective and safe antihypertensive drugs, a large number of hypertensive patients are not properly identified, and a significant proportion of those who receive antihypertensive treatment fail to achieve satisfactory control of their BP levels. It is thus not surprising that hypertension is still a major contributor to disease burden and disability worlwide, even in developed countries. This paper will address current challenges in hypertension management and potential strategies for an improvement in this field. In its first part relevant issues related to hypertension diagnosis will be addressed, in particular how to improve identification of sustained BP elevation and specific BP phenotypes such as white coat and masked hypertension trough the combined use of office and out-of-office BP monitoring techniques. In its second part focus will be on how to improve achievement of hypertension control in treated patients by optimization and simplification of medication regimens, including more efficient selection and titration of antihypertensive drugs and their combinations, aimed at achieving a more consistent 24hBP control; and by favoring a more active patients' and physicians' involvement in hypertension management also through BP telemonitoring and mobile health technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-269
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume331
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2021

Keywords

  • Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • Blood pressure control
  • BP telemonitoring
  • Home blood pressure monitoring
  • Hypertension diagnosis and treatment
  • Mobile health technologies
  • Treatment adherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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