Current Management of Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations: A European Pediatric Surgeons' Association Survey

Francesco Morini, Augusto Zani, Andrea Conforti, Ernest Van Heurn, Simon Eaton, Prem Puri, Risto Rintala, Marija Lukac, Joachim F. Kuebler, Florian Friedmacher, Rene Wijnen, Juan Antonio Tovar, Agostino Pierro, Pietro Bagolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim To define current management of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). Methods A total of 181 European Pediatric Surgeons' Association members (91% senior) from 48 countries completed an online questionnaire. Main Results Prenatal: 93% respondents work in centers with prenatal diagnosis facilities, and 27% in centers offering in utero surgery. Prenatal counseling is performed by 86% respondents, 22% of whom see >10 cases per year. Risk of single pre-/postnatal complications is deemed low (<5%) by more than 60% of respondents. Eighty-six percent respondents do not offer pregnancy termination for prenatally diagnosed CPAM. Fetal hydrops is the most frequent indication for termination (87%), followed by parental willingness (52%). Prenatal surgery is an option for 44% respondents, preferring thoracoamniotic shunt (82%). Postnatal: 75% respondents operate on asymptomatic patients, 18% before 6 months of age, 62% between 6 and 12 months of age, and 20% after 12 months of age. Risk of infection (86%), cancer (63%), and symptoms development (62%) are indications for surgery in asymptomatic CPAM. Sixty-three percent prefer a thoracotomy. Lobectomy is the preferred procedure (58% respondents). Motivations against surgery include lesion <1 cm (64%), risk of postoperative complications (37%), and lack of evidence favoring surgery (27%). Seventeen percent respondents have seen at least one patient with CPAM with lung cancer, in 89% of the cases within the CPAM. Of all the respondents, 83% and 22% offered dedicated follow-up and genetic screening, respectively. Conclusion Current pre- and postnatal management of CPAM lacks uniformity, particularly for surgical indication, timing, and approach. Efforts should be made toward standardization. Risk of CPAM-associated cancer is not clear.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174084OA
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 14 2017


  • congenital lung anomalies
  • observation
  • postnatal
  • prenatal
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery


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