Current methods and advances in bone densitometry

Giuseppe Guglielmi, Claus C. Glüer, Sharmila Majumdar, Barbara A. Blunt, Harry K. Genant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bone mass is the primary, although not the only, determinant of fracture. Over the past few years a number of noninvasive techniques have been developed to more sensitively quantitate bone mass. These include single and dual photon absorptiometry (SPA and DPA), single and dual X-ray absorptiometry (SXA and DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT). While differing in anatomic sites measured and in their estimates of precision, accuracy, and fracture discrimination, all of these methods provide clinically useful measurements of skeletal status. It is the intent of this review to discuss the pros and cons of these techniques and to present the new applications of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MRI) in the detection and management of osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-139
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1995

Keywords

  • Bone densitometry
  • Dual X-ray absorptiometry
  • Osteoporosis
  • Quantitative CT
  • Quantitative MR
  • Quantitative US

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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