Background. Cardiac cell therapy is still restricted to experimental studies and clinical trials. This investigation is an analytic overview of worldwide ongoing trials and is aimed to show useful findings for planning new clinical trials. Methods. Based on the online searching engine of the National Library of Medicine database for clinical trials (www.clinicaltrials.gov), all the ongoing studies registered were analyzed and classified. Results. On May 30, 2009, 95 studies were registered worldwide: 40 of these were conducted in Europe and 4 in Italy. Phase 1, 2, 3 and 4 studies were 28%, 57%, 14% and 1%, respectively; observational and randomized studies were 22% and 78%, respectively. The clinical setting of enrolled patients was acute coronary syndrome in 43 studies (46%), heart failure in 29 studies (30%), chronic heart disease in 23 studies (24%). The treatment strategies investigated are cytokine-induced cell mobilization in 8% and cell implantation in 92%. The cell types used for direct implantation are mononuclear cells in 81%, endothelial precursor cells CD34+ in 11%, endothelial precursor cells CD133 + in 5%, myoblasts in 2% and adipoblasts in 1% of cases. Conclusions. The present snapshot of worldwide ongoing clinical trials provides useful information for planning an experimental clinical program on cardiac cell therapy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Current perspectives in cell therapy in Cardiology: An overview of ongoing trials|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine