Current worldwide practice of dialysis dose prescription in acute renal failure

Claudio Ronco, Zaccaria Ricci, Rinaldo Bellomo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The practice of renal replacement therapy for acute renal failure varies greatly around the world. This is especially true for the dose of renal replacement therapy. This review describes the epidemiology of dialysis prescription and delivery around the world based on recent observational studies and international surveys. Furthermore, a brief speculation on the concept of adequacy of therapy is provided. RECENT FINDINGS: Following the publication of the first large prospective randomized trial on the effects of treatment dose on outcome of patients with acute renal failure a certain consensus has been achieved on the adequacy of 35 ml/kg/h of clearance in continuous therapies. Surveys conducted in 1998 had demonstrated that such adequate therapy was only prescribed in a minority of patients. Recent observations based on questionnaires and surveys confirm that the number of centers prescribing adequate dialysis dose is increasing, but there is still a large number of institutions where prescription is made with no specific adequacy targets and effective delivery is not measured. Several barriers have been identified to reach adequacy targets including logistics, costs, personnel and others. SUMMARY: The analysis of the epidemiology of dialysis dose around the world shows a complex picture. Wide variations in practice are present although a significant effort has been made to standardize the prescription and delivery of therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-556
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Critical Care
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

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Acute Kidney Injury
Prescriptions
Dialysis
Renal Replacement Therapy
Epidemiology
Therapeutics
Observational Studies
Publications
Costs and Cost Analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Dialysis adequacy
  • Dialysis delivery
  • Dialysis prescription
  • Dose of dialysis in acute renal failure
  • Renal replacement therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Current worldwide practice of dialysis dose prescription in acute renal failure. / Ronco, Claudio; Ricci, Zaccaria; Bellomo, Rinaldo.

In: Current Opinion in Critical Care, Vol. 12, No. 6, 12.2006, p. 551-556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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