Custom Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization: the Importance of DNA Quality, an Expert Eye, and Variant Validation

Francesca Lantieri, Michela Malacarne, Stefania Gimelli, Giuseppe Santamaria, Domenico Coviello, Isabella Ceccherini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The presence of false positive and false negative results in the Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH) design is poorly addressed in literature reports. We took advantage of a custom aCGH recently carried out to analyze its design performance, the use of several Agilent aberrations detection algorithms, and the presence of false results. Our study provides a confirmation that the high density design does not generate more noise than standard designs and, might reach a good resolution. We noticed a not negligible presence of false negative and false positive results in the imbalances call performed by the Agilent software. The Aberration Detection Method 2 (ADM-2) algorithm with a threshold of 6 performed quite well, and the array design proved to be reliable, provided that some additional filters are applied, such as considering only intervals with average absolute log₂ratio above 0.3. We also propose an additional filter that takes into account the proportion of probes with log₂ratio exceeding suggestive values for gain or loss. In addition, the quality of samples was confirmed to be a crucial parameter. Finally, this work raises the importance of evaluating the samples profiles by eye and the necessity of validating the imbalances detected.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2017

Keywords

  • Comparative Genomic Hybridization
  • DNA
  • Humans
  • Observer Variation
  • Signal-To-Noise Ratio
  • Software
  • Journal Article

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