Background: Esophageal stenting represents a new strategy to avoid multiple dilations owing to stenosis relapse. Our custom stent improves esophageal motility unlike the widespread self-expandable plastic esophageal stents. The aim of the study was to confirm the efficacy of treatment with silicone custom stents in esophageal stenosis (ES) in pediatric patients. Methods: A silicone stent of 7-, 9-, or 12.7-mm external diameter is built coaxially on a nasogastric tube that guarantees the correct position. The 2 ends are tailored to allow food passage between stent and esophageal wall. All patients received dexamethasone (2 mg/kg per day) for 3 days and ranitidine/proton-pump inhibitors. Study approval was obtained from our ethical board. Results: From 1988 to 2010, 79 patients with ES, mean age 35.4 months (3-125 months), underwent esophageal hydrostatic/Savary dilations and custom-stent placement, left in place for at least 40 days. Stenting was effective in 70 (88.6%) of 79 patients. Fifty percent of the patients with effective treatment received only one dilation for stent placement. Fourteen patients received more stents successfully. There was one stent-related major complication. Conclusion: Our custom stent improves treatment in ES. In caustic injuries, ES stenting represents the first option. In postsurgical ES, we stent after at least 5 dilations.
- Esophageal stenosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health