Objective: The diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD) in children and adolescents is established when GH concentrations fail to reach an arbitrary cut-off level after at least two provocative tests. The objective of the study was to define the optimal GH cut-offs to provocative tests in children and adolescents. Design: Retrospective study in 372 subjects who underwent evaluation of GH secretion. GH and IGF-I were measured by chemiluminescence assay in all samples. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the optimal GH cut-offs and the diagnostic accuracy of provocative tests. Methods: Seventy four patients with organic GHD (GH peak 10 μg/L to at least one test) were included in the study. The provocative tests used were arginine, insulin tolerance test (ITT) and clonidine. Diagnostic criteria based on cut-offs identified by ROC analysis (best pair of values for sensitivity and specificity) were evaluated for each test individually and for each test combined with IGF-I SDS. Results: The optimal GH cut-off for arginine resulted 6.5 μg/L, 5.1 μg/L for ITT and 6.8 μg/L for clonidine. IGF-I SDS has low accuracy in diagnosing GHD (AUC = 0.85). The combination of the results of provocative tests with IGF-I concentrations increased the specificity. Conclusions: The results of the ROC analysis showed that the cut-off limits which discriminate between normal and GHD are lower than those commonly employed. IGF-I is characterized by low diagnostic accuracy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism