This article illustrates the various aspects of locoregional spread of cutaneous melanoma, as imaged with grayscale ultrasound (US) and Doppler techniques. High-resolution US allows recognition of small, clinically occult melanomatous foci within the skin and lymph nodes. Consequently, it plays a major role in locoregional staging and follow-up of patients with cutaneous melanoma. We discuss the possibilities and limitations of US in the initial staging (primary melanoma, satellite metastasis, in-transit metastasis, and lymphadenopathy), selection for sentinel lymph node biopsy procedure, patient follow-up, detection of recurrence, and US-guided intervention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging