Cutting Edge: T Cells Trigger CD40-Dependent Platelet Activation and Granular RANTES Release: A Novel Pathway for Immune Response Amplification

Silvio Danese, Carol De La Motte, Brenda M. Rivera Reyes, Miquel Sans, Alan D. Levine, Claudio Fiocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Platelets, in addition to exerting hemostatic activity, contribute to immunity and inflammation. The recent report that platelets express CD40 led us to hypothesize that CD40 ligand (CD40L)-positive T cells could bind to platelets, cause their activation, and trigger granular RANTES release, creating a T cell recruitment feedback loop. Platelets were cocultured with resting or activated autologous T cells and their activation was assessed by P-selectin expression. RANTES binding to endothelial cells was assessed by confocal microscopy, and its biological activity was demonstrated by a T cell adhesion assay. CD40L-positive T cells induced platelet activation through a contact-mediated, CD40-dependent pathway resulting in RANTES release, which bound to endothelial cells and mediated T cell recruitment. Soluble CD40L induced the same events via p38, but not extracellular signal-regulated kinase, phosphorylation. These results show the existence of a novel platelet-dependent pathway of immune response amplification which brings these nonimmune cells close to the level of pathogenic relevance traditionally attributed to classical immune cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2011-2015
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume172
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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