The growth hormone (GH) inhibitory effect of CV 205-502 was evaluated during acute and 3-month administration, alone or in combination with octreotide, in 12 therapy-resistant acromegalic patients. Although these patients previously had undergone surgery and received chronic therapy with octreotide at 0.3-0.6 mg/day, they still had high GH and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels. CV 205-502 (0.15 mg), octreotide (0.1 mg) and placebo were tested acutely. CV 205-502 at the dose of 0.15 mg caused a decrease of GH level (from 34.9 ± 15.1 to 2.7 ± 0. μg/l) in 4/12 (33.3%) and completely inhibited prolactin (PRL) secretion m all the patients. Octreotide caused a decrease of GH level (from 37 ± 6. 7 to 15. 9 ± 3.0 μg/l) without any change of PRL level. The GH and PRL levels were not changed during placebo administration. CV 205-502 at the dose of 0.3 mg/day (chronic test) normalized GH and IGF-I levels in five patients (41.6%: the four responders to the acute test and an additional patient who was a poor responder to acute CV 205-502 administration). The remaining seven patients were subjected to CV 205-502 (0.6 mg/day) and octreotide (0.6 mg/day) in combination for 3 months. In 2/7 patients the combined therapy induced a greater inhibition of GH and IGF-I levels than did each drug when administered alone. The drug was well-tolerated by the 12 patients. In conclusion, CV 205-502 is able to normalize GH and IGF-I levels and to improve clinical symptoms in certain acromegalic patients resistant to other therapeutic approaches. CV 205-502 can, therefore, be considered an effective alternative in the medical management of acromegaly when the first choices, surgery and octreotide, fail to resolve GH hypersecretion.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Endocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
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