CXCL12 expression is a bona fide predictor of recurrence in lung neuroendocrine tumours; a multicentric study with emphasis on atypical carcinoids - a short report

Alessandro Del Gobbo, Nicola Fusco, Marco Barella, Giulia Ercoli, Amedeo Sciarra, Alessandro Palleschi, Fabio Pagni, Caterina Marchiò, Mauro Papotti, Stefano Ferrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Neuroendocrine tumors of the lung (LNETs) encompass a heterogeneous group of lesions, including tumors with no or low metastatic potential, such as typical (TCs) and atypical (ACs) carcinoids, and highly aggressive neuroendocrine carcinomas. To date, only a few biomarkers with prognostic impact have been identified in LNETs. Previous experimental studies have suggested that the cytokine CXCL12 might have a role in stratifying the outcome of lung cancer as well as LNET patients. However, the reliability of immunohistochemical (IHC) tissue expression of CXCL12 in evaluating the prognosis of resected LNETs is currently not known. Methods: Here, we subjected a cohort of 112 resected LNETs specifically enriched for ACs to IHC for CXCL12 and Ki67 using routine procedures. The clinical value of CXCL12 was assessed by applying the Cox proportional-hazards model to overall and disease-free survival rates. Results: We found that CXCL12 was expressed in 8.3 to 38% of LNETs, depending on the different diagnostic categories. Upon survival analysis, when considering the whole cohort, we found that CXCL12-positive cases exhibited shorter disease-free survival rates compared to CXCL12-negative cases. Among ACs, tumors overexpressing CXCL12 showed significantly shorter disease-free survival rates. Finally, we found that the Ki67 index in ACs was higher in the CXCL12-positive cases. Conclusion: CXCL12 immunohistochemistry may serve as a potentially useful tool to better stratify LNETs, and more specifically ACs, in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-691
JournalCellular Oncology
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Carcinoids
  • CXCL12
  • Lung neuroendocrine tumours
  • Prognostic biomarkers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'CXCL12 expression is a bona fide predictor of recurrence in lung neuroendocrine tumours; a multicentric study with emphasis on atypical carcinoids - a short report'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this