Polymorphisms in the coding sequences of CCR5 and CXCR4 were studied in a group of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected long-term nonprogressors. Two different point mutations were found in the CXCR4 coding sequence. One of these CXCR4 mutations was silent, and each was unique to two nonprogressors. The well-described 32-bp deletion within the CCR5 coding sequence (CCR5-Δ32) was found in 4 of 13 nonprogressors, and 12 different point mutations were found scattered over the CCR5 coding sequence from 8 nonprogressors. Most of the mutations created either silent or conservative changes in the predicted amino acid sequence: only one of these mutations was found in more than a single nonprogressor. All nonsilent mutations were tested in an HIV envelope-dependent fusion assay, and all functioned comparably to wild-type controls. Polymorphisms in the CXCR4 and CCR5 coding sequences other than CCR5-Δ32 do not appear to play a dominant mechanistic role in nonprogression among HIV-infected individuals.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas