Chemokines and their receptors direct leukocyte migration among blood, lymph and tissues. Evidence has recently accumulated that, besides their chemotactic functions, chemokine receptors are highly versatile players that fine tune immune responses. During human T cell activation by antigen-presenting cells, the chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR4 are recruited into the immunological synapse, where they deliver costimulatory signals. However, the molecular mechanisms allowing signaling versatility of chemokine receptors are unknown. Here, we describe the functional interaction between CXCR4 and CCR5 to exert specific biological functions and modulate T lymphocyte responses. We demonstrate that simultaneous expression and cooperation between CCR5 and CXCR4 are required for chemokine-induced T cell costimulation at the immunological synapse. In addition, we provide evidence for a physical association of the two receptors in a signaling complex that activates distinct T cell functions. We suggest that cooperation between receptors represents one key strategy for the functional plasticity of chemokines.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 22 2008|
- Chemokine receptors
- T cell costimulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas