Immature dendritic cells (iDCs) can be instructed to polarize the immune response toward a noninflammatory pathway by mediators that increase the intracellular concentration of cAMP. This phenomenon is associated with the ability of the cyclic nucleoside to inhibit the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines without affecting the differentiation process of the dendritic cells (DCs). Here we investigated the ability of cAMP to modulate the endotoxin signaling by exposing DCs to exogenous 8-bromium-cyclic AMP in the presence or absence of H89, a selective inhibitor of the protein kinase A, one of the major molecular targets of the cyclic nucleoside. cAMP affects the early lipopolysaccharide-induced signaling cascade dissociating the activation of NF-κB, p38, and ERK pathways from the stimulation of c-Src and Lyn kinases. This phenomenon was prevented by H89. The pharmacological block of Src-like tyrosine kinases induces comparable results confirming the involvement of this family of enzymes in the mechanism controlling the release of cytokines in human monocyte-derived iDCs. We propose that the cAMP-protein kinase A-dependent pathway regulates the functional plasticity of iDCs by gating the Toll-like receptor signaling at the level of Src-like kinases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas