Cyproterone acetate versus a continuous monophasic oral contraceptive in the treatment of recurrent pelvic pain after conservative surgery for symptomatic endometriosis

Paolo Vercellini, Olga De Giorgi, Paola Mosconi, Giovanna Stellato, Sarah Vicentini, Pier Giorgio Crosignani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cyproterone acetate versus an oral contraceptive in the treatment of endometriosis-associated recurrent pelvic pain. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Academic center. Patient(s): Ninety women with recurrent moderate or severe pelvic pain after conservative surgery for symptomatic endometriosis. Intervention(s): Six months of continuous treatment with oral cyproterone acetate, 12.5 mg/d, or an oral contraceptive containing ethinyl estradiol, 0.02 mg, and desogestrel, 0.15 mg. Main Outcome Measure(s): Degree of satisfaction with therapy. Result(s): Six patients in the cyproterone acetate arm and nine in the oral contraceptive arm withdrew because of side effects (n = 9), treatment inefficacy (n = 4), or loss to follow-up (n = 2). At 6 months, dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, and nonmenstrual pelvic pain scores were substantially reduced, and significant improvements were observed in health-related quality-of-life, psychiatric profile, and sexual satisfaction; no major between-group differences were seen. Subjective and metabolic side effects were limited. According to an intention-to-treat analysis, 33 of 45 (73%) of patients in the cyproterone acetate group and 30 of 45 (67%) in the oral contraceptive group were satisfied with the treatment received. Conclusions: Both cyproterone acetate and a continuous monophasic oral contraceptive were effective, safe, and inexpensive therapy for recurrent pain after conservative surgery for endometriosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Conservative pelvic surgery
  • Deep dyspareunia
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Endometriosis
  • Oral contraceptive
  • Pelvic pain
  • Progestin
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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