Aims: We tested the prognostic value of cystatin C in patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary artery intervention (PCI). We also tested the hypothesis that the incremental predictive value of cystatin C on all-cause mortality was superior to that of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula. Methods and results: Included in the study were 2,757 patients (mean age 63 years, 77% men). Blood samples for cystatin C levels were collected immediately before PCI. During a median follow-up of two years, 114 patients died. In multivariable Cox analyses, after adjustment for several confounders, GFR (p=0.004) and cystatin C concentration (p<0.0001) were independent predictors of all-cause death. Cystatin C predicted all-cause death (c-statistic: 0.794) better than GFR estimate based on creatinine (c-statistic: 0.776, p=0.008 for comparison), and significantly reclassified 15% of patients into categories that reflected their actual likelihood of death more accurately (p=0.005). Adding cystatin C and GFR in the same multivariable survival model, only cystatin C level was a significant predictor of death. Conclusions: This study presents for the first time the incremental predictive value of cystatin C over the creatinine-based MDRD formula on all-cause mortality for CAD patients undergoing PCI.
- Coronary artery disease
- Cystatin C
- Estimated glomerular filtration rate
- Percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention
- Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine