Cystatin C in healthy women at term pregnancy and in their infant newborns: Relationship between maternal and neonatal serum levels and reference values

Luigi Cataldi, Michele Mussap, Linda Bertelli, Nicoletta Ruzzante, Vassilios Fanos, Mario Plebani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human cystatin C, a basic low molecular mass protein with 120 amino acid residues, is freely filtered by the glomerulus and almost completely reabsorbed and catabolized by the proximal tubular cells. Cystatin C has been recently proposed as a new sensitive endogenous serum marker for the early assessment of changes in the glomerular filtration rate. To define a reference basis for future clinical investigations in the perinatal period, we investigated the relationship between maternal and neonatal serum cystatin C in comparison with that of creatinine. We also defined reference values in healthy women at full-term pregnancy and in full-term newborns over the first 5 days of life. Seventy-eight women with uncomplicated pregnancy, aged between 19 and 40 years, and their infant newborns (43 males, 35 females) were enrolled in the study. The gestational age ranged from 37 to 43 weeks, and the birth weight from 2.50 to 4.15 kg. Blood samples were taken from all the women immediately before delivery and from their newborns at birth, 72 and 96 h after birth. Maternal and neonatal renal function was evaluated by standards parameters and by calculating creatinine clearance. In all serum samples, we measured cystatin C, creatinine, and urea. At term gestation, serum cystatin C ranged from 0.64 to 2.30 mg/L. At birth, serum cystatin C values ranged from 1.1 7 to 3.06 mg/L, significantly decreasing after 3 and 5 days of life. No correlation was found between maternal and neonatal serum cystatin C values (r = 0.09). As cystatin C serum levels in newborns are not significantly correlated with the respective maternal levels, neonatal serum cystatin C may originate almost exclusively in the neonate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume16
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Cystatin C
  • Renal function
  • Transplacental transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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