Cytogenetic abnormalities and clinical features in a patient cohort affected by three or more synchronous or metachronous primitive malignancies

Giovanni Ponti, Gabriele Luppi, Francesca Giacobbi, Giorgia Corradini, Paola Temperani, Lorena Losi, Leonardo Ferrara, Maria Pagano, Stefania Seidenari, Enrico Tagliafico, Giuseppe Torelli, PierFranco Conte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The multiple cancers (MC) phenotype represents an intriguing entity from both the clinical and the biomolecular points of view. Multiple cancers can arise in a patient either synchronously or metachronously and are frequently detected in hereditary disorders. Here we report the clinical and cytogenetic characterization of 48 patients developing at least three malignancies outside the context of a known genetic condition and 30 control individuals. Medical and pathology reports were registered, blood was collected for cytogenetic studies, and the standard G-banding technique was used for chromosomal analysis of the lymphocyte cultures. Chromosomal analysis of the peripheral blood cultures revealed high cytogenetic instability in 83% of patients' karyotypes that displayed structural rearrangements most often involving chromosomes X, 1, 6, and 7. Peculiar telomeric associations and marker chromosomes were detected in patients with a suspected cancer family history. The MC condition can be observed over a wide clinical range, which includes either apparently sporadic cases or families with a strong history of tumors. These findings indicate that Xq, 6p, and 7q are likely to harbor genes of importance in cancer development, and the present cytogenetic mapping may be crucial for further molecular genetic investigations to recognize a predictive cytogenetic signature useful to detect patients with a high risk of multiple malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

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