Aims: Tumours of dendritic/accessory cell origin are rare neoplasms arising in lymph nodes. Among these, tumours derived from cytokeratin-positive interstitial reticulum cells (CIRCs), a subset of fibroblastic reticulum cells, are reported even less frequently. The International Lymphoma Study Group (ILSG) has recently proposed a classification for tumours of histiocytes and accessory dendritic cells in which CIRC tumours are not included. We report a case of a CIRC tumour arising in a submandibular lymph node of a 66-year-old male. Methods and results: The neoplasm was composed of spindle cells with elongated or round nuclei, prominent nucleoli and abundant cytoplasm. These cells were arranged in a diffuse fascicular and vaguely whorled pattern. The tumour cells stained diffusely for S100, vimentin, desmin, lysozyme, and focally for CD68 and cytokeratins 7, 8, 18, CK-AE1 and CK-pool. Electron microscopy was performed for further evaluation on samples taken from the paraffin block; this revealed cytoplasmic projections and rudimentary cell junctions. Conclusions: Histopathologist should be aware of the existence of tumours deriving from CIRCs, as these cases may be misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma. Careful clinical and pathological evaluation is necessary to exclude this possibility.
- Accessory dendritic cell tumours
- Cytokeratin-positive interstitial reticulum cell
- Lymph node
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology