Background and Objectives. The immunologic events taking place in secondary lymphoid tissue from children with early stage human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate cytokine gene expression and proliferative responses in lymph node (LN) biopsies from five children with early stage HIV infection, in the context of LN morphology and viral load. Design and Methods. The design of the study was approved by the local Ethical Committee. Cytokine gene expression was studied in LN biopsies and in paired peripheral blood (PB) samples from HIV-infected children by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. T-cell proliferation was assessed by 3H-thymidine incorporation. Viral burden in germinal centers was assessed by video densitometric analysis following immunohistochemical staining for HIV p24. Results. Interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA were not detected in any LN or PB sample from HIV-infected children. Interferon (IFN)-γ mRNA was found only in CD8+ cells. IL-12 p35, IL-10, transforming growth factor-(TGF)-β1, regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, MIP-1β and IL-16 transcripts were detected in all samples. Proliferation of LN and PB mononuclear cells to polyclonal mitogens and soluble (recall and HIV-related) antigens was impaired as compared with the responses in a group of age-matched healthy controls. Interpretation and Conclusions. Changes in cytokine gene expression and T-cell proliferative responses are already detectable in lymph nodes from HIV-infected children at an early stage of disease.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- Lymph nodes
- Pediatric HIV infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas