In this study, we determined the genotype frequencies of polymorphisms of cytokine genes and investigated their association with the risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. Genetic polymorphisms in the cytokines interleukin (IL)-10, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, were studied in 342 white Italian newborns (112 without RDS, 66 prematurely born with RDS, and 164 infants born at term who were included as healthy controls). The polymorphisms were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The IL-10 mRNA levels were analyzed according to genotype by quantitative real-time PCR (QRT-PCR) in Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (EBV-LCLs) of 42 full-term healthy infants. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated the risk of RDS to be significantly lower in preterm infants with an IL-10 -1082 GG/GA genotype than in those with an AA genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 0.48, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.24-0.95, p = 0.03]. QRT-PCR analyses showed that the IL-10 mRNA levels were significantly higher in 27 IL-10 -1082 GG/GA carriers compared with 15 IL-10 -1082 AA carriers (p = 0.03). We conclude that the IL-10 -1082 GG/GA polymorphism may have a role in RDS development in premature infants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health